After the establishment of democracy in 1950 ad the new idea of federalism was emerged by the political party named tarai congress headed by bedananda jhathe ideas about ethnic identity was emerged in 1980 ad during the period of referendum (janamat sangraha. One can raise the issue of the relation between federalism and political ideology but federalism has been practiced by different countries with different political ideologies the three countries which have different political ideologies but these countries practice a federal system of government. A more extensive version of this essay will appear in his book arguing comparative politics, to be published by oxford university press in the spring of 2000 he is working with juan j linz on a larger project on federalism that will culminate in a jointly authored book, federalism, democracy and nation.
Federalism: federalism is a political system of governance in which powers are divided among two levels of government, ie, a central government and governments based in smaller political units, usually called states, provinces, or territories. Pdf | much of the literature on federalism and democracy claims it as an empirical fact that federalism is beneﬁcial for democratic development, especially in large and diverse societies 1 as.
While, federalism as a political and legal theory in different societies has its own characteristics, and based on the considerations of the units it shows different performances. So, federalism by having extensive possibilities for expanding democracy and freedom across the society can not apply democracy by itself but social, economical, and political backgrounds should be provided for the society to take steps towards democracy and social justice. From political point of view, federal government is a kind of political organization in which political power is divided among smaller political units and each one of them has its own regulations and organs which acts in accordance with its people and group benefits and origins.
Hence in federal procedures, both member states and directly elected representatives play political roles to be sure, the eu may never become a full federation: territorial and functional internal sovereignty is not forthcoming (cf schmitter, this volume.
Federalism and incentives for success of democracy 5 soibegininthenextsectionbydevelopingabasicmodelofsimpleunitarydemocracy, wherecontrolofthegovernmentisdelegatedtooneelectedleaderinthismodel,success andfailureofdemocracycorrespondtoalternativeequilibriaofadynamicgameplayedby voters and politicians.